Following on from the highly successful first edition, published in 2006, the second edition of Basic Orthopedic Sciences has been fully updated and revised, with every chapter rewritten to reflect the latest research and practice. The book encompasses all aspects of musculoskeletal basic sciences that are relevant to the practice of orthopedics and that are featured and assessed in higher specialty exams. While its emphasis is on revision, the book contains enough information to serve as a concise textbook, making it an invaluable guide for all trainees in orthopedics and trauma preparing for the FRCS (Tr & Orth) as well as for surgeons at MRCS level, and other clinicians seeking an authoritative guide. The book helps the reader understand the science that underpins the clinical practice of orthopedics, an often neglected area in orthopedic training, achieving a balance between readability and comprehensive detail. Topics covered include biomechanics, biomaterials, cell & microbiology, histology, structure & function, immunology, pharmacology, statistics, physics of imaging techniques, and kinesiology.